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Citation Guide: How to cite ENCYCLOPEDIAS

A guide to create citations for bibliographies and works cited in reference papers.

How to cite SUBJECT Encyclopedias

MLA Subject Encyclopedia or Dictionary Entry Citation

  • Examples are not double-spaced, but your Works Cited list should be double-spaced
  • Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented

Author's Last Name, First Name Middle Name or Initial.  “Title of Entry or Article.” Name of Reference Source, other contributors, edition, volume, Publisher, Year of print publication, page.

Examples:

“Asteroids.” The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Universe, edited by James W. Guthrie, 2nd ed., vol. 1, Watson-Guptill, 2001, p. 52.

Juturu, Vijaya. “Type 2 Diabetes.” Encyclopedia of Obesity, edited Kathleen Keller, vol. 2, Sage Publications, 2008, pp. 158-59.

How to cite ONLINE Subject Encyclopedias from a database

MLA Encyclopedia or Dictionary Entry Citation

  • Examples are not double-spaced, but your Works Cited list should be double-spaced
  • Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented

Author's Last Name, First Name Middle Name or Initial.  “Title of Entry or Article.” Name of Reference Source, other contributors, edition, volume number, Publisher, Date of online publication. Name of database, URL or doi number.

Example:
Bigus, Jochen. "Business Bankruptcy." Encyclopedia of Law & Society:American and Global Perspectives. Ed. David S. Clark. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 2007. Sage eReference. Web. 16 Apr. 2009.

How to cite ONLINE Subject Encyclopedias from a website

How to cite GENERAL Encyclopedias

  MLA General Encyclopedia or Dictionary Entry Citation

  • Examples are not double-spaced, but your Works Cited list should be double-spaced
  • Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented

Editor's Last Name, First Name Middle Name or Initial.  “Title of Entry or Article.” Name of Reference Source, edition, Publisher, Year of print publication.

Examples:

Flexner, Stuart Berg, and Leonore Crary Hauck, editors. “Crossbowman.” Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2nd ed., Random House, 1993.

“The Art of Architecture.” Encyclopædia Britannica: Macropædia, 15th ed., Encyclopædia Britannica, 2002.

How to cite ONLINE General Encyclopedia from a website

MLA Encyclopedia or Dictionary Entry Citation

  • Examples are not double-spaced, but your Works Cited list should be double-spaced
  • Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented

Author's Last Name, First Name Middle Name or Initial. "Title of Entry or Article." Name of Reference Source. Edition. Sponsor or publisher, Year of publication. Publication medium. Date of Access.

Example:
“Concrete." Funk & Wagnall's New World Encyclopedia. EBSCO, 2009. Web. 17 Jan. 2004.