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Citation Guide: How to cite ENCYCLOPEDIAS

A guide to create citations for bibliographies and works cited in reference papers.

How to cite ENCYCLOPEDIAS

APA Encyclopedia or Dictionary Entry Citation

  • Examples are not double-spaced, but your References list should be double-spaced
  • Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of Publication). Title of entry or article. Name of reference source (Vol. number, pp. pages). Place of Publication: Publisher.

Examples:
Home. (1989). In Oxford English dictionary (Vol. 8, p. 324). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Ring, A. A. (1997). Real estate. In Encyclopedia Americana (Vol. 16, pp. 213-214). Danbury, CT: Grolier.

The art of architecture. (2002). In Encyclopædia Britannica: Macropædia (Vol. 1, pp. 243-261). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Brittanica.

How to cite ONLINE Encyclopedias

APA Online Encyclopedia Entry

  • Examples are not double-spaced, but your References list should be double-spaced
  • Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented

 Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of publication). Title of entry or article. In Name of editor (Ed.), Name of reference source. City of publication, State: Publisher. (If retrieved from a database, it will look like a print source)

 Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of publication). Title of entry or article. In Name of editor (Ed.), Name of reference source. Retrieved from complete URL from authoritative website

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year of publication). Title of entry or article. In Name of reference source. doi: number

Example:,
E.B., & L.E. (2009). Dsylexia. In S. Wallace (Ed.), A Dictionary of education.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Photonics. In The Columbia Encyclopedia. (6th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-photonics.html

Guttentag, J. Demand clause. In Mortgage encyclopedia. doi: 10.1036/0071458492