Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Basic MLA Rules
Some basic rules for MLA Work Cited lists are:
- All citations should be double spaced
- Indent after the first line of each entry (hanging indent)
- Entries are not numbered; Alphabetize by the first word of the entry
- If no author is listed, begin with title
- Italics must be used for titles of books and periodicals (If italics are used, the font must be obviously different from the standard print)
- Capitalize titles of books and articles according to convention, no matter how they appear in a database or catalog
- Editions of books are noted after the title in the following format: 2nd ed. First editions are not listed as such. If no edition is listed, omit the edition section
- Dates are in Day Month Year format (e.g. 12 Dec. 1992) with all months abbreviated to three letters followed by a period (Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., Aug., Oct., Nov., Dec.) except May, June, and July, which are left as is and Sept.
- Page numbers in MLA are sometimes shortened. If the page numbers are three or more digits, shorten the second number to two digits when possible. Examples: 8-9; 44-49; 112-23; 492-506; 1253-66.
- Omit http:// when using electronic sources, except when using https://doi.org/
- For database sources, use the permalink as the URL.